55B.C. juliusC.Tsar(102-44B.C.) . landed in Britain. 80A.D. Julius Agricola invades 84 Mons Graupius. 121 Hadrian's Wall. 139 Antonine's Wall. 209 Campaign of Severus. . 397 St. Ninian in Galloway. 501 Scots settle in Argyll. 563 St. Columba arrives at 575 Treaty of Drumceat. 597 Death of St. Columba. 606 Death of King Aidan of 685 Battle of Nectansmere. 794 Beginning of Norse invasion of Scotland. 812 Danes plunder Iona. 843 KennethmacAli3in,king ofpicts and 8cot's. - 942 Malcolm I crowned. 977 Battle of Luncarty. . 1005 Malcolm II crowned. . ioi8 Battle of Carham 1040 King Duncan murdered.Macbeth crowned king. io6g Marriage of Malcolm Ceanmore and Margaret. 1093 Deaths of Malcohn and Margaret. io98 Magnus Barefoot claims Western Isles. II07 Alexander I crowned. I 124 David I crowned king.Province of Moray for- II30 feited to the Crown. II38 Battle of the Standard. II53 Malcolm IV crowned. Rise of Somerled. 1329 Death 1160 Galloway subjected to the Crown.Accession of David II. 1164 Death of Somerled 1174 Treaty of Falaise. 1179 Province of Ross sub- " Scotland."dued by William the Lion (II43-I2I4). 118o Inverness received Char Also ter from William the known as Graham's Lion (I I43-I2I4). Dyke. I2I4 Alexander II (1198-1249)made king 1222 Alexander II(' 198-I249)conquers Argyll I238 Glemnasan MS. written. the island of Iona. I249 Alexander II died at Kerrera. Alexander III crowned. I263 Battle of Largs fought. Dalriada. I266 Western Isles annexed by the Crown. 1274 Robert the Bruce born. 1286 Death of Alexander III. 1290 Death of the Maid ofNorway 1296 Invasion of Scotland by Edward I of England. Ragman's Roll issued. Revolt of Wallace. Franco-Scottish Alh- Strathclyde annexed by ance signed. The King of Scots 1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge. 1298 Battle of Falkirk. 1305 Execution of Wallace. 1306 Red Comyn killed at Dumfries by Bruce. Coronation of Robert the Bruce at Scone. 1308 Battle of the Pass of Brander 1314 Battle of Bannockburn. 1320 Letter to the Pope asserting the Indepen-dence of Scotland. 1326 First Scottish Parlia-ment met. 1328 Treaty of Northampton. of Robert the Bruce. I332, Edward Balliol invades Scotland.Battle of Dupplin. I333 Battle of Halidon Hill. 1346 Battle ofneville's Cross. I371 Accession of Robert II, first of the Stewart Kings. I388 Battle of Otterburn. 1396 Clan battle at Perth. 14o6 James I (I394-I437) captured by English. 1411 Battle of Harlaw. I4I2 Foundation of St. Andrew's University. I424 James I allowed to return to Scotland. I427 Parliament at Inverness when James I ordered the imprisonment of 5o Highland Chiefs. 1429 Battle of Drumnacoub. I437 Assassination of James I at Perth. 1451 Foundation of Glasgow University. I452 Earl of Douglas killed. I455 Downfall of the Black Douglases. I46o-I530 William Dunbar, poet and priest. 146o Death of James II. I466 Battle of Blair-na-Park. I468 Orkney and Shetland Islands acquired by Scotland from Norway. 148o Battle of Bloody Bay, near Tobermory. I488 Battle of Sauchieburn. Assassination of James III by rebels. I493 End of the Lordship of the Isles. James IV visited Dunstaffnage and Mingarry Castles. 1495 James IV visited the Western Highlands. Foundation of King's College, Aberdeen. 1496 Education Act passed. 1498-99 James IV visits the Western Highlands. 1503 Insurrection of Donald Dubh. I5o6-1582 George Buchanan,,historian, humanist and reformer. I507 Printing introduced to Scotland by Miller. I5I2 Compilation of the Book of Lismore begun. I513 Battle of Flodden.Death of James IV. 1529 John Armstrong and his followers hanged by order of James V. 15;2-34 Expedition of Jamcs V to the Highlands. 1540 James V toured the Western Isles. I542 Rout of Solway Moss. Death of James V. Birth of Mary, Queen of Scots, at Linlithgow. I544 English Expedition to the Western Isles. Battle of Blar-na-leine. Battle of Pinkie. I547 155o Death of Mackinnon, the last abbot of Iona. 1557 The First Covenant. I561 Queen Mary returns to Scotland from France. I562 Queen Mary visits Inverness. I567 Knox's Liturgy translated into Gaelic by Bishop Carswell. 1568 Battle of Langside. 1569 Mary MacLeod (Mairi Nighean Alasdair Ruaids, I569-i674) Gaehe poetess, born. 157o The murder of Regent Moray by nobles. I57i Regent Lennox slain. 1572 Death of John Knox. Death of Regent Mar. I579 Bible printed in Scotlarid for first time. 1582 Foundation of Edinburgh University. i587 Act for quieting the Clans of the Borders, Highlands, and Isles. 1588-89 SpanishArmada ship sunk at Tobermory. 1594 Battle of Glenlivet. 1597 Highlanders give assistance to Queen Elizabeth I of England. I598 Highland Landowners ordered to prove their right to possess titles. Lewis granted to Lowland " Adventurers." i6oo Gowrie conspiracy. 16oi Lowland "Adventurers"in Lewis defeated. 16O2 Battle of Glenfruin. 16O3 Union of the Crowns. 1605 Renewed attempt to colonise Is. of Lewis by "Adventurers." i6O7 MacKenzie of Kintai acquires Lewis. 16og Statutes of Iona." 16I4 Islay granted to Campbell of Cawdor. 1625 Death of James VI. i633 Charles I (i6oo-49)visits Scotland. 1638 The National Covenant. 1643 Solemn League and Covenant signed. 1644 Battle of Tippermuir. 1644-45 CampaignofMarquis of Montrose. 1645 Battle of Inverlochy. montroseravagesargyll. Battle of Philiphaugh: Montrose defeated. Battle of Auldearn. 1647 Garrison of Dunaverty massacred by General Leslie. 1649 Execution of Charles I. Charles II (i630-85) proclaimed king. 165o Execution of Montrose. Battle of Dunbar. Battle of Invercarron. 1651 Battle of Inverkeithing. Battle of Worcester. 1653 Scotland takenunder the Protectorate. i66o Restoration of Charles II to the throne. i66i Execution of the Marquis of Argyll. 1666 Pentland Rising occurred in the North. 1678 Invasion of the SouthWest of Scotland by the "Highland Host." i679 Battle of Drumclog. Battle of Bothwell Bridge. 1685 Death of Charles II. Earl of Argyll's Invasion of Scotland. Execution of the Earl of Argyll at Edinburgh. 1689 James VII deposed. Battle of Killiecran Battle of Dunkeld. 1692 Massacre of the c ans by government troops at Glencoe. 1698 Darien Expedition. I701 Alexander MacDonald (Alastair Macmhaighster Alastair, I70I8o) the Gaelic poet, born. I7o2 Death of William II. 1707 Union of Parliaments. I7I4 Death of Queen Anne. Rob MacKay (d. I778) Gaelic poet, born. I7I5 First Jacobite Rising. Battle of Sheriffmuir. 17i6 Dugald Buchanan (I7i668) Gaelic poet, born. I7I9 Jacobite Rising. Battle of Glenshiel. I724 Duncan Ban Macintyre (1724-i8I2) born. 1725 General Wade appointed Commander-inChief in the Highlands of Scotland. Road construction begins in the Highlands. I727 Death of George I. I729 Independent Cos. begun. 1736 James Macpherson (Ossian) (1736-96) born at Ruthven. I739 Black Watch raised. I743 The potato introduced into the Highlands. I745-46 Last Jacobite Rising. 1745 Prince Charles raises the Stewart Banner at Glenshiel. Battle of Prestonpans. 1746 Battle of Falkirk. Battle of Culloden. Highland dress proscribed by Parliament. 1759 Robert Burns (I759-96) born at Alloway. I76o Death of George II. I767 First New Testament in Gaelic printed. I770 James Hogg, poet, born (I770-I835). I77I Sir Walter Scott born in Edinburgh (I77Ii832). 1775 Ewan MacLachlan, Gaelic poet, born. Penal Statutes against Clan Gregor repealed. I777 Highland Light Infantry raised. 1778 Seaforth Highlanders raised I779 John Galt, Scottish author, born (I779I839). 178o Thomas Chalmers, Scottishdivineandhumanist, born in Anstruther (Fife) (I780-1847). I782 Act proscribing Highland dress repealed. 1783-I8oi First Gaelic Biblep ublished. 1788 Prince Charles Edward died (1720-88)- I793 Cameron Highlandersraised. 1794 Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders raised. AND CLAN HISTORY I794 Gordon Highlanders raised. 0 18O2 Hugh Miller, geologist and author, born Cromarty (i8O2-56). I804 Dr. John MacLachl@n., of Rahoy (1804- 1874),Gaelic poet, born. i8o8 Evan MacColl (d. i 898), Gaelic poet, born.William Livingstone (I808-I870), Gaelic poet, born. i8I3 David Livingstone born Blantyre (l8I3I873). i8l5 Battle of Waterloo. i8i8 Dugald Macphail born. i822 Visit of George IV to Scotland. i824 GeorgeMacDonaldborn (i824-I905). i834 Mrs. Mary Mackellar (1834-I89o), Gaelic poetess, born. i842 Queen Victoria's first visit to Scotland. I843 Neil MacLeod, Gaelic poet, born. I85o R. L. Stevenson born Edinburgh (i850-94). i864 Neil Munro, author and poet, born (d. I930). i886 Crofters' Act passed. igi2 The Scottish Land Court entered on its duties. igi4-igi8 The First Worid War. 192I Scottish Railways absorbed into L.N.E.R. and L.M.S. lines. i928 Grampian Hydro-Electric Power Scheme initiated. I929 Union of Church of Scotland and United Free Church. 1934 Cunard White Star liner Queen Mary launched at Clydebank, DATES IN SCOTTISH 1938 Cunard White Star liner Queen Elizabeth launched at Ciydebai@K. 1939-45 Second World War. I947 Edinburgh Festival of Music and Drama inaugurated. rs I948 King George VI confe dignity of "Royal" AND CLAN HISTORY on Highland andagricultural Societv of Scotland. I955 Crofters' Commission set up with head- quarters in Inverness. I958 Forth Road bridge cornmenced.